Maria Petrova is ICREA Research Professor at UPF and Junior Professor at the Barcelona Institute for Political Economy and Governance (IPEG). She is also UBS Associate Professor of Economics at the New Economic School in Moscow and Research Director at that institution's Center for New Media and Society. Previously, she was Visiting Associate Research Scholar at the Center for the Study of Democratic Politics at Princeton University.

Prof. Petrova is Associate Editor of Review of Behavioral Economics and Journal of Election Technology and Systems. She serves on the board of directors of the International Society for New Institutional Economics (ISNIE). In 2016, she joined the Editorial Board of the Review of Economic Studies.