In-Sample Inference and Forecasting in Misspecified Factor Models

Recognition Program

Authors: Barbara Rossi

Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Vol. 34, No 3, 313-338, July, 2016

This article considers in-sample prediction and out-of-sample forecasting in regressions with many exogenous predictors. We consider four dimension-reduction devices: principal components, ridge, Landweber Fridman, and partial least squares. We derive rates of convergence for two representative models: an ill-posed model and an approximate factor model. The theory is developed for a large cross-section and a large time-series. As all these methods depend on a tuning parameter to be selected, we also propose data-driven selection methods based on cross-validation and establish their optimality. Monte Carlo simulations and an empirical application to forecasting inflation and output growth in the U.S. show that data-reduction methods outperform conventional methods in several relevant settings, and might effectively guard against instabilities in predictors’ forecasting ability.

This paper is acknowledged by the Barcelona GSE Research Recognition Program